SOME OF THE MOST COMMON HACKING TOOLS
Hacking is defined as when a third party uses certain tools and advanced techniques to bypass your security layer by exploiting a weakness and then intruding into your system to do as they please. There are many different types of hackers, including ones who want to cause you harm by stealing your information and ones who want to help you discover vulnerabilities in your defense and fix them to prevent malicious individuals from breaking and entering.
There are a number of different tools and techniques that hackers use to find and exploit weaknesses. Here are some of the most commonly implemented ones:
Keyloggers are one of the most basic yet extremely popular and strangely effective hacking tools used by malicious hackers. Keylogging or keyboard capturing is the act of secretly recording all of the data and data patterns you input using your computer keyboard. All of the keys you strike on the keyboard are saved in a file and then sent to the hacker without your knowledge. As such, these hackers can record sensitive information such as account passwords, credentials, credit card information, and other confidential data.
A rootkit is a program or software using which the hacker can gain unauthorized access to your computer system remotely. Such programs were originally created to repair software issues by entering through a secret pathway but it has since then been used for wrong purposes, such as taking control of a remote system without the permission of the owner. A rootkit program can even be a set of different software that include hacking tools like keyloggers and password stealers.
The typical means used to install rootkits onto the victim’s computer system is through social engineering. This means that hackers will show you ads, messages, and emails that will manipulate your thoughts and emotions to encourage you to click on a particular link or download a certain file. This downloaded file will be a rootkit program in disguise and once it is on your system, will give the hacker remote access to your computer device as well all of the data and material on it.
Structured Query Language or SQL Injection is a technique used by hackers whereby the hacker tries to get the database to run SQL statements and trick it into accepting it as account credentials to give the person administrative access to the blog or website. This technique is effective on websites that are poorly designed or structurally deficient, as the weak database can be easily tricked and hacked.
A common tool employed by ethical hackers, vulnerability scanners help detect potential vulnerabilities and weaknesses in networks and allows the owner to identify points of improvement to enhance system security.
Distributed Denial of Service attacks are carried out by sending a flood of excessive traffic on the server of the website, overflowing the system and network capacity and causing it to deny service and connection to actual customers. This can significantly harm the credibility and image of any brand or business' online presence and proves to be quite debilitating.